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The Monument of Culture Uncategorized Смедерево
Kulic grad (1) 1383148850
Kulic grad 1383148851

Fort Kulič is located in the vicinity of Velika Morava confluence with the Danube, not far away from the settlement of the same name.  It stayed out of the area protected with a dam; thus it has been periodically flooded and very often unapproachable, especially after the construction of hydropower plant “Djerdap”.

It is hard to create an accurate picture on its historical and architectural development due to poor historical data and insufficient archeological information.

Visible fort remains in the times of Turkish – Austrian clashes by the end of XVII century and the beginning of XVIII century date back to this day.  It was mostly built of stone, but brick was used as well; lime plaster was used as a binder. Its base is of polygonal shape (most probably hexagonal), with two gates and several cannon holes. It is surrounded with a water trench which is connected with the Danube. Its diameter is around 70m and preserved ramparts even to 5m height.

Considering the strategic location significant for the control of intersecting continental ad water ways, it is assumed that the first military facility was built as early as the beginning of Roman colonization of Podunavlje (I-II century AD) and a military bored formation (limes) along the right riverbank of the Danube; the limes were made up of a system of various military objects in line of a road.  In the early Byzantine time, the emperor Justinian (527-565) probably refurbished the town of Kulič together with other numerous forts; during the Middle Ages and in the period of the Turkish dominance this was – with slight alterations – made into an active military stronghold. It was also used during the World Wars in XX century, when several concrete bunkers were built. Inside the fort and till the mid 80s’ of the XX century, there was a village cemetery, relocated to a more convenient location closer to the present settlement.

Dense bushes and water gradually made it unapproachable and hardly visible.