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The Monument of Culture Great importance Петровац
VITOVNICA MONASTERY WITH THE CHURCH OF MOST HOLY MOTHER’S ASCENSION
1manastir vitovnica (1) 1388780488
2manastir vitovnica (2) 1388780492 Vitovnica 1 1395833233

On the right river bank of the Vitovnica River, at the point where it runs out from the gorge and not far away from the village center, there is a monastery with a church dedicated to Most Holy Mother’s Ascension. According to a legend, it was built by King Milutin after the victory over Bulgarian noblemen Drman and Kudelin in 1291, when under the reign of King Dragutin Braničevo became a part of Serbian medieval state for the first time. The exact  year of its construction is unknown, but it is familiar that the first written data on Vitovnica dates back to 1537.

The church is a single – dome building and a simple triconche base, with a narthex and a bell tower additionally built in XIX century. Although it belongs to the group of Morava style group of churches by its base type, it is built with crrushed stone and the facade design does not have a typical architectural decoration. Facade decoratons are not horizontally divided with a cordon garland into zones, but are enlivened with two rows of blind arcades one of which is on pilaster strips reclinig on a plinth, and another one is located underneath the roof garland. In the church there is a stone plaque with a bilingual inscription from 1218, brought here and built-in above the narthex door interior. The inscription consists of a text in Old Serbian and Armenian and it says: ”In the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit, I Ladon Babugov son built a church in the name of Saint Jacob patriarch and Saint Peter apostle for the Memorial to myself and my parents . . .the Holy church in the Armenian year 667“.

The fresco – painting was done by Ivan and Milija Marković during the temple restoration in 1856, a witness of which is an inscription above the west narthex entrance. A high altar partition holds icons arranged in five zones, made by various authors and of various occurence date, with donors’ inscriptions from  1831 to 1894.

Vitovnica monastery was a significant spiritual and cultural center the witnesses of which are numerous inscriptions on liturgical books and objects to this day found in treasuries and libraries of other monasteries.