Cultural
goods
Publishing
activity
Gallery
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Archeological finding Uncategorized Велико Градиште
ROMAN FORT PINKUM
Vg pincum 1388752941

By the left river bank of the Pek in the Danube confluence area there are Roman fort and a smaller settlement Pincum (Pincum) remains which got its name by an Antique name for the river Pek – Pinkus (Pinkus). Today’s settlement Veliko Gradište, formed on the remains of an Antique settlement in its name root Gradište bears a testimony of old settlement traces much more visible earlier. In the pre – Roman times this area was inhabited by Pikenz whose ethnical origin has not been stated yet; the name itself is related to Celtic, Illyrian or Thracian language.

According to Roman itineraries Pincum was located on the road along the Danube limes and 13 Roman miles (19,2 km) away from Viminacium which matches with the location of today’s Veliko Gradište. Scarce data from the Roman times do not give enough arguments for reliable conclusions about its occurrence and duration, thus we are given various archaeological findings in the close town center, epigraphic monuments and historical circumstances. Apparently, the first military object appears in an already early period of Romanization and between II and V century the fort was becoming larger due to a specific position in mining – metallurgical area Metalla Аeliana Picensia, which consisted of areas in the Pek and the Mlava basin. In the time of Emperor Hadrian (117-138) it had a particular importance and there special money was mint.

When by the end of XVII century L.F.Marsigli was visiting Veliko Gradište, he noted a fort with 45,5 х 45,5m dimensions, a square base with circular towers on the corners. Travel writers of later time could see only fragments of the fort, and today only one part of the rampart in furthest northeast Veliko Gradište urban core by the Danube is visible due to construction activities and high water level of the river. The latest historical data are related to the period of Justinian restorations of old forts (527-565).